The Sweden based Air Pollution & Climate Secretariat has said in a report that the Nordic-Baltic region must cut CO2 emissions by 95 percent by 2030, meaning that Estonia would have to give up shale energy.
The report highlights Estonia as the region's worst polluter per capita, and its shale oil energy industry is the eyesore of the region, adding that the industry must be replaced by green energy production facilities, that should, to avoid social problems, also be based in Ida-Viru County.
The current energy industry should be replaced 60 percent by wind power, mainly offshore wind farms, with the rest of electricity and heating needs being met by biofuels.
A similar report, published a year ago by the Estonian Renewable Energy Association and the Council of Environmental NGOs, also comes to the conclusion that Estonia can become 100 percent 'green' by 2030.
That report, named "Renewable Energy 100," puts the cost at nearly six billion euros over the next 17 years.