After the border treaty with Russia is signed today, Estonia will have to embark on a process of marking the border that could take years and according to a 2010 quotation, will cost approximately 26 million euros.
Both the Estonian and Russian governments have said it’s an important step towards friendlier relations between the two neighbors, ETV reported.
The treaty includes an agreed exchange of 128.6 hectares of land and 11.4 square kilometers of the surface of Lake Peipus. Whereas there was no Estonian-Russian sea border marked prior to World War Two, the new treaty will include a sea border drawn according to international conventions.
After the treaty is signed and ratified, a demarcation commission will be set up. Officials from both sides will have to sort through 139 kilometers of land border, which has to be marked and provided with ditches and paths for border guard patrols. Also, ship routes will be marked on lakes and rivers.
Historian Küllo Arjakas said while the Tartu Treaty signed in 1920 is very important for Estonians and Estonia emotionally, the fact is that most European borders have shifted in the course of the 20th century. The Tartu Peace Treaty has been regarded as the birth certificate of the Republic of Estonia because it was the very first de jure recognition of the state.
The quotation commissioned in 2010 by the Police and Border Guard Board estimated the cost of the project at 26 million euros and it will probably take several years to complete.