The Estonian government decided to extradite Estonian citizen Vladimir Tšaštšin to the US, where he is wanted for 27 crimes.
The US Justice Ministry formally asked Estonia to extradite Tšaštšin and his five accomplices in December, 2012. Two men have already been extradited, uudised.err.ee reported today.
In 2012, a piece of malware called DNSChanger affected computers worldwide. The DNS (Domain Name System) is an Internet services that converts user-friendly doman names into the numerical addresses (IP addresses) that computers use to talk to each other.
Criminals have learned that if they can control a user's DNS servers, they can control what sites the user connects to on the Internet. By controlling DNS, a criminal can get an unsuspecting user to connect to a fraudulent website or to interfere with that user's online web browsing. In this particular case, the computers were routed to sites that were monetized by the alleged crooks.
The scheme netted 20 million euros and was allegedly run by Tšaštšin and his associates and family members from Tartu.
The extradition request is based on the agreement from 2006 with Estonia, stating that the parties are required to extradite people suspected of or charged with crimes that are punishable by at least a year of imprisonment in both countries.
Tšaštšin is charged with a number of crimes including Internet fraud and money laundering from 2007 until October 2011.
The Harju County Court and the Tallinn District Courts ruled that the general conditions for extraditing Tšaštšin are met and the extradition is legally permissible.