The European Job Mobility Portal EURES has published country specific reports on bottleneck vacancies in the EU labor market.
According to the country analyses, the main bottlenecks in Estonia are within the machinery and metalworking sectors, where a number of specific types of engineers and skilled manual workers are in high demand. The lack of highly skilled engineers, however, slows down innovation processes.
Several sectors of information and communication technology and health care are also experiencing labor shortages.
Unmet labor demand affects mainly high-skilled occupations and occupations related to sales and marketing. Among the non-skilled occupations there is increased need for machinery mechanics and repairers, electrical equipment installers and repairers, welders and flame cutters, and textile, fur and leather products machine operators.
Main reasons for labor shortage in those areas are the lack of technical competencies, especially in the case of skilled manual workers and highly skilled engineers, and the poor image of the listed non-skilled occupations.
In the rural areas there is also a shortage of teachers and doctors.
Estonia is trying to increase the labor supply by retraining the unemployed, although it has not implemented an overarching strategy to mitigate the labor shortage in specific areas. The most common coping strategies for companies are recruiting highly skilled workers from abroad or providing additional training and development to existing staff.