Estonia least dependent on energy imports in EU (1)
The latest Eurostat analysis of energy consumption shows that Estonia was the least energy import dependent country in the EU in 2013, followed by Denmark and Romania.
According to Eurostat, the energy consumption in the EU is down to its early 1990s levels. Although in Estonia the energy consumption has been rising again, the country is not reliant on energy imports.
In 2013, the EU imported 53 percent of its total consumed energy. Estonia relied on imports for only 11.9 percent of its energy needs. The most import dependent countries in the EU were Malta, Luxembourg, Cyprus and Ireland.
Estonia uses primarily solid fuels (78.3 percent) - predominantly oil shale - to produce energy. It does not produce nuclear energy and energy from oil or gas. With 19.9 percent, renewable energy represented the second most important energy source in 2013. Non-renewable wastes accounted for the remaining 1.9 percent. For comparison, Latvia produced less than half of the amount of energy that Estonia did in 2013, but 99.7 percent of it came from renewable sources.