Crime in Estonia on decline compared to same time last year
According to law enforcement statistics, the number of crimes committed in Estonia over the first two months of the year decreased by four percent compared to the same period last year.
During the two-month period, a total of 4,474 crimes were registered by law enforcement authorities, which is 183 — or four percent — fewer than in January and February of last year.
Thefts accounted for the biggest share of total crimes at 1,431 cases, which is five percent fewer than during the same period a year prior; the number of physical abuse cases likewise decreased by five percent to 830. The number of registered robberies fell by 31 percent to 41 cases, while traffic-related crimes increased by six percent — from 534 to 571 — in just one year.
A total of 1,035 crimes were committed against persons over the two-month period, including three cases of murder or manslaughter, compared to last year’s five. The number of reported rapes across the country has also declined, from 35 cases in January and February of last year to 25 during the same period this year.
The number of fraud cases, however, has increased from 215 to 271, while the number of breaches of public order has grown from 52 to 72. The number of cases of recurrent driving without a license, which becomes a criminal offense after the third instance, increased from 91 cases in January and February of last year to 133 cases during the same period this year.
While a total of 55,586 offenses were registered in Estonia in all of 2005, and the number still exceeded 50,000 in 2008, statistics from the Ministry of Justice have been showing that numbers for the current decade have remained on a downward trend. 42,567 offenses were registered in 2011, 40,816 in 2012, 39,631 in 2013, and 37,787 in 2014. Last year, a total of 32,575 offenses were registered by law enforcement authorities — a record low.
As the overall level of crime fell, however, the percentage of crimes solved increased. Over 2015, investigative bodies solved 20,472 offenses — 63 percent of all crimes. In comparison, only 52 percent of crimes were solved each in 2014, 2013, and 2012, and just 55 percent of total cases were solved in 2011.