Baltic countries’ mortality rate considerably higher than EU average
Although the number of injury-related deaths in the Baltic countries has markedly dropped, mortality rates remain much higher than in the rest of the European Union, a newly published health care survey shows.
The survey analyzes developments in the three Baltic countries between 2004 and 2014.
Women’s average life expectancy in the Baltic states is 2-4 years lower than the EU average of 83.6 years. The average life expectancy of Lithuanian and Latvian men, 69.2 years and 69.1 years respectively, is the lowest in the EU, and the Estonian indicator, 72.4 years, is the sixth-lowest.
Healthy life years make up 77% of the total average life span of men and 72% of that of women in the Baltic countries, which comes close to the European average.
The Baltic countries’ mortality rates are significantly higher than European average. In Estonia, the overall standardized rates for men were 40% higher, and in Latvia and Lithuania 60% higher than in the EU. The death rates for women were 15% higher in Estonia and 30% higher in Latvia and Lithuania.
The two main causes of death are the same in the Baltic countries and the EU, diseases of the circulatory system, and cancer. The third leading cause of death in the Baltic countries is injuries, while respiratory diseases rank third in the EU on the whole.
The number of men’s injury-related deaths in the Baltic States, although it declined markedly between 2004 and 2014, remains significantly higher than the EU average. It is up to four times higher in Estonia and even seven times higher in Latvia, depending on the age group.
The number of new cases of tuberculosis per capita in that decade declined by half in Estonia and Lithuania, and by a fourth in Latvia. The number of new HIV cases more than halved in Estonia, but rose by a fifth in the other two Baltic countries. Nonetheless, 30% more new HIV cases than in Latvia and four times as many as in Lithuania were registered in Estonia in 2014.