Everyman's Right Codified as Fundamental Norm
Estonia's version of the freedom to roam just became clearer and more liberal, with sections of the Environment Code on everyman's right entering force today.
The general rule is that unless the land owner has posted property with no trespassing signs, unfenced areas can be accessed day and night, no matter what their ownership.
The biggest change from the previous rules is that it is now legal to be on private land after nightfall.
As in the Nordic countries, camping is allowed on unposted private land, for 24 hours. A longer period requires landowner permission.
Mushrooms, berries, nuts, fallen wood and other wild products can be gathered. Stripping bark and cutting branches from living trees is prohibited.
The main rights and responsibilities of land users can now be found in the Environment Code, whereas previously they existed in disparate corners of the country's laws.