Gender pay gap decreases slightly
According to Statistics Estonia, the gender pay gap decreased by 1.5 percent in 2014, compared to previous year.
As of data available from October 2014, the gross hourly earnings of female employees were still 23.3 percent lower than the gross hourly earnings of male employees.
The gross hourly earnings without irregular bonuses and premiums were 4.89 euros for female employees and 6.37 euros for male employees. Compared to 2013, hourly earnings increased 6.7 percent for women and 4.7 percent for men.
The gender pay gap remained the highest in financial and insurance activities at 38.3 percent, where the gross hourly earnings of female employees were 7.81 euros and those of male employees were 12.65 euros.
The pay gap was present in all economic activities, but the smallest difference between the gross hourly earnings of male and female employees was in water supply, sewerage, waste management and remediation services, in which male employees’ hourly earnings were 1.4 percent higher than of those of female employees.
Eurostat and Statistics Estonia differ on the pay gap
European Union has drawn attention to Estonia's gender pay gap – at 29.9 percent, it was the highest in Europe in 2013. But Statistics Estonia said that Eurostat uses different methodologies to calculate the gender pay gap.
“The gender pay gap published by Eurostat does not take into account the indicators of enterprises and institutions with fewer than 10 employees; it also excludes the earnings of employees in agriculture, forestry and fishing and in public administration and defense,” the organization said.
According to Statistics Estonia, the gender pay gap in Estonia in 2013 was 24.8 percent, taking into account all enterprises and institutions and all economic activities.
The gender pay gap is calculated as the difference between the average gross hourly earnings of male and female employees, divided by the average gross hourly earnings of male employees, and is expressed as a percentage.