Report: Norway best place to be a mother, Estonia 27th (2)
In honor of Mother’s Day this coming Sunday, Save the Children, an international non-governmental organization that promotes children's rights, has published its 16th annual State of the World’s Mothers report and Mother's Index. Estonia has dropped four places to 27th.
The annual Mothers’ Index uses the latest data on women’s health, children’s health, educational attainment, economic well-being and female political participation to rank 179 countries and show where mothers and children fare best and where they face the greatest hardships.
According to the 2015 Mothers' Index rankings, mothers are best off in Scandinavia. Nine out of top ten spots in the index are held by European countries. Topped by Norway, Finland and Iceland, the first non-European country, Australia, is ninth, Singapore 14th, Canada 20th and the US 33rd. Estonia ranks 27th, four places down from 2014.
One of the worst places in the world to be a mother is in an urban slum. In cities around the world, the poorest urban children are at least twice as likely to die as the richest urban children.
According to Margaret Chan, Director-General of the World Health Organization (WHO), "Poverty, and the social exclusion that goes with it, leave the urban poor trapped in overcrowded, makeshift or decrepit housing, with few opportunities to stay clean or safe on a daily basis. Diets are poor. Diseases are rife. Pregnancies occur too early in life and too often. Good health care, especially preventive care, is rare."
In terms of specific countries, mothers struggle the most in Somalia, Congo, Central African Republic, Mali and Niger.