in April, exports of goods increased by 54 percent and imports by 51 percent year on year, data from Statistics Estonia shows. The trade growth was influenced by last year's low reference base as well as by the increase in exports and imports of mineral products, electrical equipment and transport equipment.
In April, Estonia's exports and imports of goods amounted to €1.6 billion at current prices. The monthly export value exceeded €1.5 billion for the first time. The trade deficit was €78 million , having increased by €10 million compared to April 2020.
Evelin Puura, a leading analyst at Statistics Estonia, said that higher prices of materials as well as increased volumes had a significant impact on trade growth in April. "In April last year, exports decreased by 17 percent and imports by 22 percent, as the free movement of goods was restricted in the EU," added Puura.
The main commodities exported were mineral products, electrical equipment, and wood and articles of wood. Compared to April 2020, the biggest increases occurred in the exports of mineral products (up by €173 million), electrical equipment (up by €88 million) and transport equipment (up by €75 million).
The main partner country for Estonia's exports in goods was Finland, followed by the U.S. and Latvia. The biggest increase occurred in exports to the U.S., with larger dispatches of telecommunication equipment, shale oil and processed fuel oil. Exports increased also to the Netherlands, where more processed fuel oil was exported, and to Latvia, where exports of transport equipment played the biggest role.
Goods of Estonian origin accounted for 70 percent of the total exports of goods. The exports of domestic goods increased by 53 percent and re-exports by 55 percent. The biggest rise occurred in the exports of processed mineral oils, telecommunication equipment, wood pellets, coniferous sawn windows and prefabricated wooden buildings of Estonian origin.
The main commodities imported to Estonia were electrical equipment, mineral products, transport equipment, and machinery and mechanical appliances. The imports of transport equipment increased the most (up by €120 million), followed by imports of mineral fuels (up by €95 million) and electrical equipment (up by €84 million).
Goods were imported most from Finland, Russia and Germany. Imports increased most from Russia, with more mineral products imported; from Germany, with increased imports of passenger cars, and from the U.S. on account of electrical equipment.
Editor: Kristjan Kallaste