According to preliminary data from Statistics Estonia (Statistikaamet), the total production value of Estonian construction enterprises in Estonia and abroad in 2020 was €3 billion. The construction volume decreased by 6 percent year on year.
The construction production in Estonia and abroad included €2.1 billion worth of building construction and €936 million worth of civil engineering (roads, bridges, port facilities, pipelines, communication and electricity lines, sports fields, etc.). Compared to 2019, the volume of building construction fell by 7 percent and the volume of civil engineering works fell by 5 percent.
Merike Sinisaar, leading analyst at Statistics Estonia, said that the decrease in construction volumes last year followed four years of growth. "The fall in building construction volumes had the biggest impact on both the domestic and the foreign construction market. The construction volume of Estonian construction enterprises in foreign countries decreased by nearly a third in 2020. Construction in foreign countries accounted for 6 percent of the total construction volume, down from 8percent in 2019," added Sinisaar.
The construction of dwellings has been on the rise since 2012. According to the Register of Construction Works, 7,579 dwellings were completed in 2020, which is 565 dwellings more than in 2019. The majority (61 percent) of new dwellings are in blocks of flats. The most popular type of building was a 3–5-storeyed block of flats. The biggest share of new dwellings had three or four rooms. The average floor area of new dwellings was 93 square meters.
Similarly to previous years, the majority of completed dwellings were in Tallinn, in the rural municipalities in the vicinity of Tallinn and in Tartu county.
The number of completed non-residential buildings was 1,352, with a useful floor area of 0.9 million square metres. New trade, storage and industrial premises accounted for most of the non-residential building construction. Compared to 2019, there was an increase in both the useful floor area and the volume of completed non-residential buildings.
In the fourth quarter of 2020, the production value of Estonian construction enterprises totalled €820 million, which is 6 percent less than in the same quarter of 2019. There was a 3 percent decrease in the volume of building construction and a 13 percent decrease in the volume of civil engineering works.
Editor: Kristjan Kallaste