President Kersti Kaljulaid lit a candle at the Maarjamäe Memorial in Tallinn to remember the victims of communism.
Usually, the event at the Victims of Communism Memorial is attended by more people but due to the coronavirus restrictions, the event was reduced in size this year.
The communist regime started with the occupation of Estonia on June 17, 1940 and ended with the restoration of Estonia's independence on August 20, 1991.
As a consequence of this, Estonia lost every fifth person of its population of slightly over a million, of which more than 75,000 were murdered, imprisoned or deported.
Independence Day is celebrated on February 24 and this year will be the 103rd anniversary.
Editor: Helen Wright