Estonia's exports and imports at record high in March

A port in Tallinn.
A port in Tallinn. Source: Siim Lõvi /ERR

Boosted by sales of mineral fuels and electricity, Estonia's imports and exports reached a record high in March 2022, growing by more than 30 percent on-year, data from Statistics Estonia shows.

In March 2022, exports increased by 35 percent and imports by 31 percent compared to March 2021. Compared to the first quarter of last year, exports grew by 30 percent and imports by 34 percent.

In March and in the first quarter as a whole, trade was primarily boosted by the increased exports and imports of mineral fuels and electricity.

In March, Estonia's exports of goods amounted to almost €2 billion and imports to nearly €2.2 billion at current prices. The trade deficit was €191 million and grew by about €3 million compared to March 2021.

Evelin Puura, leading analyst at Statistics Estonia, said, year on year, export prices have risen by 24 percent and import prices by 27 percent, which has had a strong impact on trade turnover.

"In March as well as in the first quarter in general, trade was significantly influenced by the exports and imports of mineral fuels and electricity, wood and articles of wood, agricultural products and food preparations, and base metals and articles of base metal," she said.

The main commodities exported in March were mineral fuels and electricity, electrical equipment, and wood and articles of wood.

Compared to March 2021, the biggest increase occurred in the exports of mineral fuels, which grew by €229 million.

Estonia's foreign trade by month, 2020-2022. Source: Statistics Estonia.

The exports of base metals and articles of base metal grew by €58 million, and the exports of wood and articles of wood by €48 million.

The main partner country for Estonia's exports of goods was Finland, followed by Latvia and Sweden. The main commodities exported were parts for engines and metal structures to Finland, electricity to Latvia, and prefabricated wooden buildings and communication equipment to Sweden.

The biggest increase occurred in exports to Latvia, Finland and Greece. More electricity was exported to Latvia, there were larger dispatches of metal structures to Finland, and bigger dispatches of mineral fuels to Greece.

Re-exports from Estonia increased by 51 percent and exports of domestic goods by 29 percent. Goods of Estonian origin accounted for 70 percent of the total exports of goods. In the case of goods of Estonian origin, the biggest rise occurred in the exports of processed fuels, scrap metal and prefabricated wooden buildings.

The main commodities imported to Estonia were mineral fuels and electricity, electrical equipment, base metals and articles of base metal, and raw materials and products of chemical industry.

The imports of mineral fuels (incl. natural gas and motor fuel) and electricity increased the most (up by €111 million), followed by imports of base metals and articles of base metal (up by €91 million) and imports of raw materials and products of chemical industry (up by €68 million).

The top partner countries for Estonia's imports of goods were Finland, Lithuania and Germany. The biggest rise was recorded in imports from Finland, Lithuania and Russia. There were greater imports of electricity from Finland, bigger imports of motor fuels from Lithuania, and increased imports of mineral fuels from Russia.


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Editor: Helen Wright

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