Estonians using public transport and bikes more than previously thought

Tallinn's number 6 tram. August 10, 2023.
Tallinn's number 6 tram. August 10, 2023. Source: Jukko Nooni/Tallinn Strategic Management Office

According to the Estonian Transport Authority (Transpordiamet), a recent mobility survey shows that Estonian residents in both rural and urban areas, walk cycle and use public transport more than had previously been thought.

The survey showed for instance, that the majority of schoolchildren aged between 7 and 14, travel to school by other means than in a car. Almost 75 percent of children residing in urban areas and 52 percent in rural areas walk, cycle or use public transport to get to school, said Kati Tamtik, director of strategic planning at the Transport Authority.  

People aged 30-60 years are the biggest car users in Estonia. For 60 percent of this group, cars are the main daily mode of transport.

At the same time, only 21 percent of urban and 10 percent of rural households in Estonia do not use a car.

43 percent of households own one car, 30 percent own two cars and 10 percent own three or more cars. The remaining 17 percent of households in Estonia do not own a car.

Among those households without a car, are higher proportions of non-Estonians, 60-80 year olds and people with monthly incomes below €800.

 The proportion of households with one car is higher than average among non-Estonians, people aged 60-80 years and those whose monthly incomes are below €1,200.

Households with two or more cars are more likely than average to consist of ethnic Estonians, people aged 30-59, those whose monthly income exceeds €1,600 and people living in rural areas.

The cities with the highest share of households that have two or more cars are Pärnu and Kohtla-Järve. 43 percent of households in each have at least two cars.

The cities with the highest proportion of car-less households are Tallinn and Kohtla-Järve, both with 22 percent.

34 percent of households spend more than €300 on motor fuel, 30 percent spend €100-199 and 25 percent spend €200-299. The majority of households do not spend any money on parking, while 19 percent spend €10-24 and 13 percent spend more than €25 on parking each month.

When it comes to car leasing, 58 percent of households in Estonia do not spend any money, while 19 percent spend €150-299 and 12 percent spend €300-449.

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Editor: Michael Cole

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